The Constitution of India is considered as the Supreme law of the nation, which came into effect to administrate the Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic and Republic. It also sets the fundamental rights, directive principles, and duties of a citizen. The constitution we have today has gone through a very interesting journey, thus, has many exciting facts that you must know. Below we have shared certain amazing facts of the Constitution of India, please read then with keen interest.
1. The Longest Constitution in the World
It is the longest constitution in the world having 26 parts, 12 schedules and 448 articles. It has gone through a total of 101 amendments till date. The Constitution is written in Hindi as well as English languages. The original copies are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
2. It is handswritten and not printed
Prem Behari Narain Raizada is the person who has efficiently written the Constitution in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. Taking over a six months to complete its writing he used a 254 pen-holder nibs of NO.303. To carry out his prominent work he was given a room in the Constitution House by the Government. Instead of taking any money he asked to write his name on each and every page
and the name of his grandfather with his name on the last page.
3. A constitution with artistic ingenuity
Constitution is truly an example of hand crafted creativity. This momentous task of accomplishing the art work in every page of Constitution was handed over to Acharya Nandalal Bose in Kala Bhawan, Shantiniketan along with his students. Nandalal Bose himself painted the major images and guided his students in designing other art work. “The Preamble” is the most important page also referred as the face of, was decorated by Beohar Rammanohar Sinha, one of Nandalal Bose’s student.
4. The history behind the date!
The concept of Purna Swaraj was publicly issued on 26th January and for the next 17 years the same date was celebrated as the Independence date. In 1947, we requested the British to grant freedom on the same date but Lord Mountbatten choose 15th August.This was the reason when the constitution was formed, the date to declare it, was chosen as 26th January 1950.
5. Indian constitution is a bag of borrowings
As India attained independence much later than the European and North and South American countries we have adopted some of the principles from their constitution as per their experiences. Various countries from whose Constitution we have adopted are American, Irish, Australian, Soviet etc.