Makar Sankranti: Significance and Celebrations

Tomorrow is the auspicious day of Makar Sankranti.

January symbolizes the end of the winter season and the start of a new harvest season, and it is at this time that the entire country celebrates the harvest season. Makar Sankranti will be observed on January 14th this year.


In India, Makar Sankranti has historical and religious importance. The Sun deity is worshipped throughout this event. Farmers all throughout India pay their respects to the Sun God by taking a plunge in the Ganga River and wishing for a bumper crop. According to popular mythology, Sankranti was a divinity who defeated the evil demon Sankarasur. It is a date in India when the sun begins to migrate northward since the sun was shining on the southern half of the world prior to Makar Sankranti. The Hindus believe that this is an auspicious moment.


On this day, we clean and adorn our homes in order to bring wealth into our lives. Furthermore, food plays a significant part during Makar Sankranti.

Bihar: Khichdi is what they call Makar Sankranti in Bihar. Donating urad, rice, gold, woolen clothing, blankets, and other items has special significance on this day, and people celebrate by making khichdi with freshly harvested rice and dal.

Gujarat: Makar Sankranti is celebrated in Gujarat by flying colorful kites and feasting on til and jaggery-based sweets.

Maharashtra: Puran poli and til laddoo are prepared in Maharashtra and distributed to friends and relatives.

Punjab: Lohri is a festival held in Punjab one day before Makar Sankranti. People congregate around the campfire at night and throw til, puffed rice, and popcorn onto the flames. They also pray for good health, riches, and success.

Tamil Nadu: Rice and sugarcane harvesting takes place in Tamil Nadu around this time. Pongal is a four-day festival that begins on 14 January and lasts for four days. During this time, people paint their houses, adorn their livestock, and participate in religious processions.

West Bengal: With freshly harvested rice, fresh jaggery, and milk, Bengalis prepare pithe-puli (sweet dish) and payesh (kheer).