Much of India’s alleged mysticism stems from its history, which dates back to the 1st century C.E. Many people have wanted India, including explorers, traders, and kings. Those who had won battles and acquired territory in India were not about to relinquish control of the country easily. India is full of magnificent forts, each of which tells a story about the period in which it was built. The most well-known forts in India are listed here.
Amber Fort: On the ruins of an older construction erected by the Kachwaha dynasty, Raja Man Singh of the Rajputs built the spectacular Amber Fort composed of red sandstone and marble. The fort is divided into four portions, with Raja Man Singh’s palace in the south section being the oldest and having taken 25 years to complete.
Bidar Fort: In the 14th century, Ahmad Shah Wali Bahman erected the Bidar Fort in the Bidar region of Karnataka. The fort is built of red laterite stone and sits on low laterite hills at an elevation of 2,200 feet above sea level.
Chittorgarh Fort: The Fort of Chittorgarh was fated to fall. A fort-based army has never won a battle. Women and children were suspected of self-immolating after each setback.
Dansborg Fort: The Danes erected the Dansborg Fort at Tharangambadi after signing a trading agreement with the Tanjavore King of the time. The agreement included the construction of a stone mansion that would serve as the heart of the spice trade. The fort used to be the second biggest among Scandinavian forts. The Danish royal family has contributed significantly to the reconstruction of the tsunami-damaged fort.
Golkonda Fort: The South Indian kingdom of Kakatiya erected Golkonda Fort near Hyderabad as part of their Kondapalli fort defense system. The Qutb Shahi dynasty captured Golkonda in the 16th century and made it their headquarters. The world’s most valuable diamonds, including the Koh-i-Noor, Daria-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, and others, were discovered at the Golkonda mines, which is why the fort is famous.
Gwalior Fort: Gwalior Fort in Madhya Pradesh, one of the most magnificent forts in the nation, was most likely erected in the 8th century, however, the exact date is unknown. Gujari Mahal and Man Mandir are two of the fort’s principal palaces. Man Singh Tomar, the reigning King at the time, constructed these 15th-century residences.
Jaisalmer Fort: The massive yellow sandstone walls of Jaisalmer Fort give the fortress a golden tint, which is why it is known as sonar quila (the golden fort). Rajput King Raja Jaisal constructed the fort in the 12th century. The fort’s outside wall is made up of three tiers. It’s also one of the world’s best-preserved walled cities.
Mehrangarh Fort: The Rathore family erected Mehrangarh Fort at Jodhpur, Rajasthan, in the 15th century. The fort’s sturdy, intimidating construction speaks volumes about the emperors who erected it after conquering Jaipur, Bikaner, and Udaipur. Tall, strong walls encircle the fort, which were intended to preserve the fort’s beautifully carved palaces and temples.
Red Fort: For approximately 200 years, the Mughal dynasty’s residence, headquarters, and commercial hub was the Red Fort. Shah Jahan erected it in the 17th century when he relocated his capital from Agra and named the town Shahjanabad (now Delhi). The same Persian architect who constructed the Taj Mahal also designed the Red Fort.
Warangal Fort: Your jaw will drop when you see the exquisite sculptures on what’s left of the Warangal Fort. It is unknown when the Warangal Fort in Telangana was established, but it remained under Yadava dominion until the 12th century when the Kakatiya dynasty took it and lost it to the Sultans.