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To Be Acquainted With NSO’s Spyware: Pegasus

We have been known about the NCO Group’s phone surveillance software called Pegasus for few weeks. The Israeli cybersecurity company has made this spyware for wiretapping over more than 50,000 phones of some activists, journalists, politicians, lawyers, business persons and others. Almost 10 Prime Ministers, 3 Presidents and a King are also on the list. This company basically anticipates photos, videos, text messages and emails and some other personal information are stored on our phones.

The NSO Group has been previously reported for the hacking on Amazon founder Jeff Bozos in 2018 and hacking on a journalist named Jamal Khashoggi’s device in 2018 who had been murdered in Turkey that year as yet. Pegasus is the company’s best-known software, which can control photos, videos, contact lists, emails, phone calls and others. Even it can privately turn on phone’s cameras and microphones of the victims.

Here are some basic informations about this spyware to be aware of. Pegasus exceedingly requires an air-conditioned two rooms set up, it would typically need a server space of 25 square meters and an operator space of 100 square meters. At least two 42U racks cabinet along with servers, routers, monitors, keyboards, processors are needed to run the operations. Almost 18°C temperature is required in a room also. At least two ATM ( Asynchronous Transfer Mode ) lines are especially required from two different ISPs ( Internet Service Providers). The system also needs to build at least eight external internet protocol addresses. On the other hand, a stale cellular network with minimum -95 decibels of signal strength of the particular location is extremely needed. Even a SIM card is required to run this operation. The above-mentioned requirements are needed for at least 2weeks for this software installation. Apart from all, NSO’s clients required approval from the Israel Ministry of Defence (IMOD), with it NSO Group won’t allow a customer in any operation. This group was agreed to spy on 25 phone numbers for $8 million in 2015-16 to run the Pegasus operation. The client has to pay $ 176000 annually to NSO Group.

According to the Citizens Lab, NSO is associated with an Indian group named GANGES who are linked to some notable Indian telecommunication service providers like Bharti Airtel, Hathway Cable Internet Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) etc.